(Ammotragus lervia)

The Aoudad (also referred to as the Barbary Sheep, the wadden, the arui, and the arruis) is a species of caprid (goat-antelope) that lives in rocky mountain terrain in North Africa.

Aoudad stand between 80 and 100 cm and weigh between 40 and 140 kilograms.  They are a sandy brown colour that darkens with age, with a slightly lighter underbelly and a dark line down the back.  Their horns curve outwards, backwards, and inwards and reach up to 50 cm.

Aoudad are found in arid mountainous areas where they graze and browse grasses, bushes and lichens.  Remarkably, they are able to obtain all their moisture from food, but if liquid water is available they will drink from it.  Their main threats were from the barbary leopard, the barbary lion, and the caracal.   Since all but the caracal are extinct in the wild, humanity has become the greatest threat to the aoudad.

The Spanish named this animal arruis, and the Spanish Legion even used it as it’s mascot for a time.

Aoudad is a name given to this animal by the Berbers, a North African people.